What is testicle pain?
Pain felt in one or both testicles can be a result of an injury, hernia, twisted testicular sac, cancer, cyst, hydrocele, viral or bacterial infection.
- Orchitis – This is a condition that results from viral or bacterial infections and causes inflammation of the testicles or epididymis.
- Epididymitis – This is an inflammation of the tube that store and carries the sperms known as the epididymis. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are known to cause epididymis.
- Injuries can lead to pain and swelling of testicles since they are quite sensitive.
- Inguinal hernias: These occur when there is a portion of the intestines pushing through the gap or a weak area of tissue separating the groin and the abdomen. The hernia can appear like a lump or mass and will be felt in the scrotum or in the upper part of the groin.
- Testicular torsion: This is a painful condition that affects the testicles. It happens when the sac twists or rotates and cuts off the blood flow to the spermatic cord. This condition requires immediate medical attention since it can result in damages that might require testicle removal.
- Spermatoceles: These are cysts that appear on the epididymis. The cysts are benign and are sacs full of fluid and are not painful unless they have an infection.
- Testicular cancer presents itself as tumors. These lumps of abnormal testicular tissue can usually be felt in the scrotum, and can occasionally cause pain and/or swelling.
- Hydrocele: This condition causes an accumulation of excess fluid in the spaces between the layers that surround the testicles.this accumulation can cause swelling, redness, pain and is as a result of infections or injury.
Some of these conditions could be serious which is why you need to have any pain checked by a doctor. If it’s testicular cancer, an early detection goes a long way in making sure the condition is managed better or cured. Even in cases where there is no pain, any scrotal conditions and masses need to be checked by a doctor.
- Sobol, Jennfier, Brenda Conway, David Zieve, and A.D.A.M. Editorial Team. “Testicle Pain.” Medline Plus. U.S. National Library of Medicine. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003160.htm
- “Testicle Pain.” Mount Sinai. https://www.mountsinai.org/health-library/symptoms/testicle-pain
- “Testicular Pain: Possible Causes.” Cleveland Clinic. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/symptoms/16292-testicular-pain/possible-causes
- “What Are Some Causes of Testicle Pain?” Moffitt Cancer Center. https://moffitt.org/take-charge/take-charge-story-archive/what-are-some-causes-of-testicle-pain/