What is testicle swelling?
Most sexually active men assume that testicle swelling is a result of an STD. However, there are many reasons behind testicle swelling apart from STDs.
The causes of infectious and noninfectious testicle inflammation:
- Orchitis – This is a condition that results from viral or bacterial infections and causes inflammation of the testicles or epididymis.
- Epididymitis – This is an inflammation of the tube that store and carries the sperms known as the epididymis. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are known to cause epididymis.
- Injuries can lead to pain and swelling of testicles since they are quite sensitive.
- Inguinal hernias: These occur when there is a portion of the intestines pushing through the gap or a weak area of tissue separating the groin and the abdomen. The hernia can appear like a lump or mass and will be felt in the scrotum or in the upper part of the groin.
- Testicular torsion: This is a painful condition that affects the testicles. It happens when the sac twists or rotates and cuts off the blood flow to the spermatic cord. This condition requires immediate medical attention since it can result in damages that might require testicle removal.
- Spermatoceles: These are cysts that appear on the epididymis. The cysts are benign and are sacs full of fluid and are not painful unless they have an infection.
- Testicular cancer presents itself as tumors. These lumps of abnormal testicular tissue can usually be felt in the scrotum, and can occasionally cause pain and/or swelling.
- Hydrocele: This condition causes an accumulation of excess fluid in the spaces between the layers that surround the testicles.this accumulation can cause swelling, redness, pain and is as a result of infections or injury.
- Varicoceles: These are enlarged veins that are located next to the spermatic cord. The condition is usually painless but can lead to problems with sperm production and in rare situations, infertility since the veins can constrict the spermatic cord.
Some of these conditions could be serious which is why you need to have any lump or swelling checked by a doctor. If it’s testicular cancer, an early detection goes a long way in making sure the condition is managed better or cured.
Which STDs cause testicle swelling?
Chlamydia and gonorrhea are most common STDs known to cause testicle swelling, in addition to other symptoms. These two infections commonly occur together but can be easily treated using antibiotics.
- “Types of Scrotal and Testicular Conditions.” Beaumont Health. https://www.beaumont.org/conditions/scrotal-testicular-conditions-types
- “Chlamydia – CDC Fact Sheet (Detailed).” Centers for Disease Prevention and Control. https://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/stdfact-chlamydia-detailed.htm
- “Penile, Urethral, Testes & Scrotum Infections.” Cleveland Clinic. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17346-penile-urethral-testes–scrotum-infections
- “Epididymitis And Orchitis.” Harvard Health Publishing. Harvard Medical School. https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/epididymitis-and-orchitis-a-to-z
- Vorvick, Linda J., Scott Miller, and David Zieve. “Scrotal Swelling.” Medline Plus. U.S. National Library of Medicine From the National Institutes of Health National Institutes of Health. https://cybercemetery.unt.edu/archive/oilspill/20120925015129/http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003161.htm